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Ratoon Management

I. MANAGEMENT OF THE FIELD AFTER HARVEST OF THE PLANT CROP

Complete the following operations within 10 days of harvest of plant crop to obtain better establishment and uniform sprouting of shoots.
  1. Incorporate the trash using trash shredder.
  2. Follow stubble shaving with mechanical stubble shaver.
  3. Work with cooper plough along with sides of the ridges to break the compaction and for large scale cultivation use tractor drawn off barrer.
  4. The gappy areas in the ratoon sugarcane crop should be filled within 30 days of stubble shaving. The sprouted cane stubbles taken from the same field is the best material for full establishment. The next best method is gap filling with seedlings raised in poly-bags.
  5. Apply basal dose of organic manure and super phosphate as recommended for plant crop.


II. MANAGEMENT OF THE CROP

  1. 25% additional N application on 5-7 days after ratooning.
  2. Spray Ferrous sulphate at 2.5 kg/ha on the 15th day. If chlorotic condition persists, repeat twice further at 15 days interval. Add urea 2.5 kg/ha in the last spray.
  3. Hoeing and weeding on 20th day and 40th to 50th day.
  4. First top dressing on 25th day, 2nd on 45th to 50th day.
  5. Final manuring on 70th to 75th day.
  6. Partial earthing up on 50th day. If junior-hoe is worked two or three times upto 90th day, partial earthing up is not necessary.
  7. Final earthing up on 90th day.
  8. Detrashing on 120th and 180th day.
  9. Trash twist propping on 180th day.
  10. Harvest after 11 months.

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