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Germplasm Collection and Registration

Germplasm Exploration

Germplasm Exploration

  • An exploration for collection of wild sugarcane was conducted in different parts of Maharashtra state during October-November 2015 and collected 41 Saccharum spontaneum and two Erianthus bengalense clones.
  • From an exploration undertaken to collect germplasm from the north-eastern states of Nagaland and Manipur, during Sep-Oct 2011, 108 clones were collected which included five S. officinarum, 98 S. spontaneum, four Erianthus sps. and one Narenga.
  • An exploration was conducted in West Bengal during September 2010 for the collection of wild germplasm. Ten districts were surveyed and 41 collections of S. spontaneum, Erianthus rufipilus, E. elephantinus and E. arundinaceus were made.
  • Augmentation of genetic resources through exploration in the Himalayan states of Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand during Aug-Sep 2009:- 28 collections of Saccharum spontaneum, Erianthus fulvus and Miscanthus species from Himachal and 25 clones (S.spontaneum, Miscanthus) from Uttarakhand

Germplasm Conservation

The sugarcane germplasm comprising 3368 accessions are clonally maintained at the Kannur Research Centre. 24 clones were maintained in vitro.

At Coimbatore, a total of 1,320 wild germplasm clones comprising S. spontaneum, Erianthus spp., improved high fiber clones (48) and allied genera were re-planted in the field during August-September 2011. It includes 962 accessions of S. spontaneum, 310 accessions of Erianthus spp. and 48 accessions of allied genera.

Five clones of E. rufipilus (E. fulvus) and three clones of Miscanthus nepalensis collected from Meghalaya in 2006 are maintained at IARI Regional station, Wellington.

Registration

Registration of varieties / germplasm

The Germplasm Registration Committee of Indian Council of Agricultural Research had approved nine sugarcane hybrids developed at the Institute for registration as germplasm. They are:

Clone No. Registration No. Characters for which registered
SSH.1 INGR No. 05021
IC 522943
Saccharum x Sorghum hybrid
CYM 04-420 INGR NO. 08039;
IC 556971
Erianthus arundinaceus x Saccharum spontaneum hybrid with Erianthus cytoplasm
Co 92002 INGR NO. 08040;
IC 556972
1.A rare recombinant of commercial value involving the wild species Saccharum robustum; 2. Combining high cane yield and sugar yield with tolerance to drought and resistance to smut 3.Tall canes
Co 93009 INGR NO. 08041;
IC 522951
1. A clone of commercial status combining high cane yield and red rot resistance 2. Heavy Canes with high single cane weight
Co 99006 INGR No. 08042;
IC No. 556976
1. A high sugar variety 2.Tolerant to water logging.
SCGS 00-0402 INGR No. 09053;
IC No. 565019
A pre-breeding stock identify as a source for early high sugar content coupled with high CCS% and juice purity
Co 97016 INGR No. 09052;
IC 56501
1. It is rare recombinant involving wild Saccharum robustum in the parentage 2. It is high cane and sugar yielder 3. It is tolerant to water logging, salinity and drought in sub tropical conditions of India
Co 91002 INGR No. 09131;
IC565021
1. It is a unique genetic stock for early sugar accumulation at 300 days of crop age. 2. It combines resistance to drought and smut
Co 0120 INGR No. 09130;
IC565020
1. A high juice quality clone 2. Attain sucrose maturity early in the season (at 240 days)
SBIEC 11001 INGR No. 12016
IC No. 0594462
It is a sugarcane hybrid with high biomass production. Total expected biomass production of 279. t/ha and dry biomass of 101.23 t/ha
SBIEC 11002 INGR No. 12017
IC No. 0594463
A dual purpose energy cane combining high fibre content of 22.58 % and high Brix (15.92). High harvestable biomass potential of 247.5 t/ha and dry biomass of 82.2 t/ha.
Co 0230 INGR No. 12018
IC No. 0594465
It is a water-logging resistant variety suitable for North Central India with 51.34 % higher cane yield than BO 99. This variety has high ratoonability also.
CYM 08-903 INGR13019
IC0594482
Sugarcane hybrid with cytoplasm from wild Erianthus arundinaceus. Derivative of (Erianthus arundinaceus x Saccharum spontaneum) x sugarcane hybrid. A good parent giving high red rot resistant progeny in crosses with sugarcane varieties..
SBIEC11004 INGR13050
IC0594464
Energy cane combining high fibre and high biomass
SES 159 INGR13070
IC0561900
Erianthus arundinaceus with high biomass, high yield, high NMC and C.O.D., amenability for in vitro.
SBI-1148-11-13-2-255 INGR13071
IC0598218
4-th generation self of Co 1148 with high sucrose, red rot resistance and with proven progeny performance.
SBI 2007-291 INGR14011
IC0598475
A sugarcane clone combining early high sugar (sucrose >18% at 8 month and 22 % at 10 months) with red rot resistance, suitable as a short duration variety High cane population and good rationing potential suitable for harvesting from 240 to 300 days after planting.
IG 91-1100 IC0612055
INGR15031
CoC 772x Erianthus arundinaceus. Potential parent for high yield and quality
GU-04 (28) EO2 IC 0612056
INGR15032
True and unique intergeneric hybrid of Erianthus procerus x Saccharum officinarum. Drought tolerant. (IND90-776 x PIO96-435)
GU-04 (50) RE16 IC0612058
INGR15033
Unique and true intergeneric hybrid between S.robustum and E.arundinaceus Sugarcane. (PIR 00-1100x IK76-91)
GU-08 SSH66 IC0612060
INGR15034
Intergeneric hybrid between sugarcane and sweet sorghum. High early sugar accumulation. Resistant to red rot. (Co 0238 x SOS 250)
99 WL 379 IC0612061
INGR15035
Waterlogging resistant clone. High stem nitrogen content and high juice quality under waterlogging conditions. (Co 7313 x Co 96011)

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