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Crop Protection

Division of Crop Protection

The Crop Protection division is headed by Dr. R. Viswanathan(Principal Scientist).

The Thrust Areas of Research under this Division are: 

Basic

  • Development of molecular diagnostic techniques for detection of diseases for producing healthy disease free seed, seed indexing and quarantine purposes
  • Characterization of red rot and smut pathogen variation using molecular biological marker
  • Transformation of elite sugarcane clones for red rot resistance genes such as those coding for chitinase, and 1.3 gluconase
  • Identifying sources of multiple pest resistance
  • Genetic improvement of natural enemies of insect pests
  • Allelochemicals for enhancing natural enemy efficiency

 

Strategic

  • Integrated disease management -Biological control of soil borne diseases of sugarcane
  • Disease monitoring, surveillance and forecast of major diseases
  • Epidemiological studies to identify the role of specific environmental factors for red rot and smut disease development
  • Mass multiplication technologies for natural enemies of insect pests

 

Applied

  • Development of of quick detection techniques viz. ELISA nucleic acid probe for sugarcane pathogen such as SCMV, SCBV and GSDb Studies on the use of phytotoxins of the pathogen to screen sugarcane clones to red rot
  • Pheromones for pest monitoring and management
  • Management of phytoparasitic nematodes

 

Anticipatory

  • Building up of world class phyto-sanitary quarantine facility to contain the spread of diseases and pests from imported germplasm accessions
  • Evolution of pest-resistant sugarcane varieties

Research Programmes

 

There are 5 major programmes of research in this Division:

  1. STUDIES ON HOST PATHOGEN RELATIONSHIP AND MANAGEMENT OF SUGARCANE DISEASES- 7 projects are in operation under this programme
  2. DETECTION AND DIAGNOSIS OF SUGARCANE PATHOGENS - one project is in operation under this programme
  3. HOST PLANT RESISTANCE AND BEHAVIOURAL STUDIES OF SUGARCANE PESTS - 2 projects are in operation under this programme
  4. BIOLOGICAL CONTROL OF SUGARCANE PESTS - 4 projects are in operation under this programme
  5. DEVELOPMENT OF TECHNOLOGIES TO EVOLVE IPM PACKAGES FOR- one project is in operation under this programme>

under the following disciplines of this Division-

    • Plant Pathology
    • Agricultural Entomology
    • Plant Nematology

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2021-11-27 16:51