A low cost cutting machine for settling nursery



Traditionally, sugarcane cultivation requires huge quantity of seed material nearly 7.5 to 10 tonns per ha, which accounts 10-15% of total the productivity. The seed multiplication rate of sugarcane is very low (1:8). Due to bulky nature of propagating material, very low average germination (35-40%), the non uniform and inadequate germination of crop causes huge fluctuation in productivity. Planting of sugarcane crop with pre germinated settling plants is the best solution for improving seed health, seed multiplication ratio and uniformity in plant population, which ultimately assures higher sustainable crop yield. The foremost requirement of settling raising and transplanting work is the availability of cost effective cutting tool for detaching uniform size mini single bud setts.

Many sugar mills and farmers of southern states, had successfully adopted this method, but in north India the unavailability of motorized single sett cutters was one of the biggest bottleneck towards adoption of settling transplanting techniques. The cutters were manufactured in southern states, viz., Maharashtra, Tamilnadu etc but due to their higher price and huge transportation cost there was least interest in adoption of setting transplanting method by the sugar mills of the region.


To address this issue, ICAR-SBIRC, Karnal have designed and developed, a cost effective single budded sett cutting tool namely “Quatro Sugarcane Single Bud Cutter” which begged design patent in the country “Design No. 297432”. Nearly 7-8 thousands single bud setts, adequate to grow settlings for transplantation in an acre area, can effectively be detached in one hour by this machine, when it runs at full capacity i.e. four persons operating on each cutting slot of the machine. The technology was commercialized by giving licensing rights to M/s Hanzra Engg Works, vill-Bansa, Karnal. Nearly 53 units had been supplied to the sugar mills and farmers of Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, Bihar and Uttarakhand states.


Improvement in Seed Health


From the last three crop seasons nearly 272 lakhs single bud setts were detached and utilized either in raising settlings for transplanting or direct planting of treated single budded setts in around 2899 acres of area as follows.

User Institute/ Sugar mill/ farActivitymer No of healthy single bud setts detached No. of setts utilized in Settlings raising & transplanting No. of setts utilized in Direct planting Area planted/Transplanted.
ICAR-SBIRC, Karnal for on and off farm seed production
5 lakhs
5 lakhs
80 acres
Sugar mills of UP
158 lakhs
55 lakhs
103 lakhs
1670 acres
Sugar mills of Punjab
50 lakhs
35 lakhs
20 lakhs
480 acres
Farmers & Sugar mills of Haryana
30 lakhs
20 lakhs
10 lakhs
400 acres
Sugar mills of Uttarakhand
25 lakhs
5.42 lakhs
19.57 lakhs
239 acres
Sugar mills of Bihar
4 lakhs
0.50 lakhs
03.50 lakhs
30 acres
272 lakhs
115.92 lakhs
156.07 lakhs
2899 acres


Major stakeholders who used the machine


M/s Superior Food Grains Pvt Ltd, Unn, Shamli, UP (9 units), M/s Rana Sugar Mill unit Butter Seviyan, Amritsar (10 units), Uttam Sugar Mills Group (4 units), Balrampur Chini Mill Group (10 units), Birla group (4 units), Cooperative sugar mills of Haryana (10 units), Harinagar chini mill (1) and Tirupati chini mill (2), Bihar

Contact Details


ICAR-Sugarcane Breeding Institute,

Coimbatore 641007,

Tamil Nadu,India.

Phone: 0422 2472621

Email: director.sbi@icar.gov.in; itmu.sbi@icar.gov.in;


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